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Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Grazie Reviews
In the heart of the Bourbon district of The Vaccheria, stands the characteristic church of Santa Maria delle Grazie. The Gothic lines of the exterior, mixed with the Baroque classicism of the interior, make it a significant and pioneering example of Neapolitan eclectic art. The Vaccaria district was founded in 1773 at the behest of Ferdinand IV and was named after cattle farms from Sardinia. It developed at the foot of the Royal Casino and also saw the presence of the caneries, which housed the faithful hunting companions of the sovereign. The Royal Casino, now called the Old Casino, was nothing more than a three-level, rectangular farm. Inside there was a small chapel dedicated to San Leucio, which until the end of the 18th century was the only place of worship accessible to the community. With the growth of the neighborhood it became necessary to build a real church capable of housing the entire population. As soon as he returned from exile in Sicily, in fact, he commissioned Francesco Collecini, a disciple of Luigi Vanvitelli, to build the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie. The choice of the architect of the complex, which the king wanted to realize also following a vote made to Our Lady of Graces in Palermo, was a kind of compensation to Collecini, who on the death of Luigi Vanvitelli was deprived of the position of Director General of the construction of the Palace, entrusted to the youngest Carlo Vanvitelli. The sensational novelty of the building, inaugurated in 1805 and completed by Patturelli (following the late Collecini), is certainly in the facade. The neo-Gothic style is an almost unprecedented choice for the period. The return to medieval style, in fact, will be a theme that will develop significantly in Italy around the middle of the nineteenth century. In the territory of the kingdom the Baroque had invested most of the ecclesiastical constructions and in the remakes of them, as happened at the Cathedral of Casertavecchia in the seventeenth century. In the case of the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Vaccheria, the neo-Gothic choice was of taste (influenced by the still medieval context), but not of actual style, given the strong presence of Baroque elements. The two symmetrical bell towers characterize the prospectus, made of travertine, piper and tuff. The lower part of the facade is characterized by the entrance portal, overlaid with an imposing sharp arch and two large windows on both sides. On the two orders there are eight niches that accommodate seven statues of saints made by Neapolitan school artists. In great contrast to the exterior, the interior, consisting of a unique environment that develops almost like a Greek cross because of the two lateral chapels, is rich in lateBaroque stucco. The dome is decorated with an elegant floral patterned drawer. In the corners, however, there are four reliefs of angels representing Justice, Fortress, Prudence and Temperance. The main altar overlooks the shovel of Pietro Saja, which depicts The View of the Colony of St. Leucio with the Belvedere and the working-class neighborhoods (1805). The polychrome marble floor, the wooden statue of Our Lady of Grace and the foodie created by Patturelli complete the elegant décor of the complex.
Very beautiful and is placed in a scenic place that spectacularly makes it beautiful
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